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Special Session

Our Planet's Sustainability Crisis in 2021

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Dr. Luis Kun

Professor Emeritus of National Security Affairs (CHDS at the National Defense University. A (Lifetime) Fellow of the IEEE, the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, and the International Academy of Medical and Biological Engineering. Chair IEEE SSIT Distinguished Lecturer Program (DLP) (2016- Present)

Abstract

In the news Australia and California frequent fires, we are also seeing more frequent and stronger Tornados and Hurricanes and lands that used to be fertile, becoming deserts and areas that were dry become flooded. For years, areas such as California's San Joaquin Valley have been booming their agricultural industry while confronting punishing droughts and fires, due to climate change, leading to water over-extraction from aquifers. The lands have sinked 28 feet in a fairly short period of time. According to a 2021 Science article subsidence will affect 1.6 billion people who will be displaced in the next 2 decades because those areas will be susceptible to floods. In addition there will be less land available to produce food. With the daily global population increases (perhaps reaching 10 billion by 2045), water, food and energy will be major challenges to the world. The February 2021 climate crisis in Texas, showed not only how all of our Critical Infrastructures are interdependent among themselves but how dependent we are with cyberspace, and how unprepared the world is for the effects of climate change. While 85 percent of America's critical infrastructure, from power grids to communications networks to water treatment plants, to many healthcare systems are controlled by private firms, they are all susceptible to cyberattacks. In May 2021 a pipeline that provides the US East Coast with nearly half its gasoline and jet fuel remained shuttered on Sunday (May 9) after yet another ransomware attack to a private firm. In the late 80s, we spoke of Information Superhighways and the 21st Century was labeled the "Information Age" with Information Technology playing a major role in our everyday life. Currently, while the world struggles with COVID-19, it is expected that primary, secondary and college students will attend school via distance learning, while people will do telework and in general the public will access their medical support via telemedicine. In addition purchases of products will be done mainly via e-Commerce. These assumptions may be clear for the developed world, however approximately 60% of the world does not have Internet access and if you lack safe drinking water, food, health or a house to live in, Internet is not a priority. On the other hand, world political polarization, has created a new world of unproven conspiratory theories and fake news, spreading instantaneously around the world in seconds through social media, making it very difficult for the world to work in unison to solve any of the new world challenges.

Biography

Dr. Kun graduated from the Merchant Marine Academy in Uruguay and holds a BSEE; MSEE and Ph.D. degree in BMEallfromUCLA.A(Lifetime)FellowoftheIEEE,the AmericanInstituteforMedicalandBiological Engineering, and the International Academy of Medical and Biological Engineering. He is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of National Security Affairs(CHDS) and was Professor of Homeland Security at the National Defense University (2003-2015). He is Editor in Chief of Springer'sJournal of Health and Technology. He spent 14 years at IBM; was Director of Medical Systems Technology at Cedars Sinai Medical Center. As Senior IT Advisor to AHCPR he formulated the IT vision and was the lead staff for High Performance Computers and Communications program and Telehealth. In July 1997, as invited speaker to the White House, he was largely responsible for the first Telemedicine Homecare Legislation signed by President Clinton, August 1997. Represented the DHHS Secretary at a Forum of Health Care Ministers on Telecommunications and the Health Care Industry in Mexico. While a Distinguished Fellow at theCDC, as Acting ChiefIT Officerforthe National Immunization Program he formulated their IT vision on 10/2000. Kun received many awardsincluding: AIMBE's first-everFellowAdvocateAwardin 2009;IEEE-USACitation ofHonorAward, "For exemplarycontributionsin the inception and implementation of a health care IT vision in the US." 2011 Golden Core Award by the IEEE CS. Named: "Profesor Honoris Causa" Favaloro University,(Argentina); "Distinguished Visitor" byCity of Puebla, Mexico (9/4/2013). He is/wasin the IEEE Distinguished Visitor Program for the CS, Distinguished Lecturer for theEngineering in Medicine andBiology Society (EMBS) and the DL SSITChair. (2014) Honorary Professor ofthe ElectricalEngineering Dept. atthe School ofEngineering oftheUniversity (UDELAR)inMontevideo,Uruguay. He received the Medal of Merit on October 20, 2016 in Mexico by the National Unit of Engineering Associations and named Visiting Professor by the National Technological University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 2017